Kuri cattle are a rather unusual looking, long-horned, bovine breed native to Africa.
The breed can be found in parts of Nigeria, Southern Chand, parts of Niger, Northern Cameroon and the Central African Republic. Their main habitat is on the islands of Lake Chand and in Southern Chand. They do not thrive as well in other areas as they do in Southern Chand.
The Kuri breed is known by a wide variety of names such as the Kuburi, the Chang, Dongolé, budumu, Budduma, Boudouma, Baharié, Kourie and the White Lake Chand. A humpless, long-horned breed, Kuri cattle are more than capable of thriving in the warm, native climates where it resides. In fact, the breed is so acclimatised to their native lands, that they would struggle to survive elsewhere.
It is thought that the breed descends from Hamitic Longhorn cattle which were once kept by Kuri and Buduma people for many centuries. The breed is now a very important animal for many parts of Africa, due to its ability to produce both milk and meat under tough climatic conditions.
Although once extremely popular, Kuri cattle numbers have decreased significantly in recent years and the breed is now in threat of extinction.
Picture below - AU-IBAR
Kuri cattle are a multi-purpose breed, kept for meat and milk purposes but also for farm work also.
The breed is known for its excellent swimming abilities, while it is also highly tolerant to insect bites and parasites, making it very suited to Africa. The Kuri breed is probably best known for their gigantic, bulbous horns, a primary trait of the breeds. Both males and females are horned, which grow in a lyre/crescent shape. Some Kuri horns have been recorded as reaching up to 130cms in length and 55cms in diameter!
The Kuri breed is a small to medium-sized cattle breed. They are usually white in colour, with strong hooves and a long body and large rump. At full maturity, cows tend to reach up to 145cms tall and an average weight of 400kgs. Bulls, meanwhile, can reach up to an average of 475kgs and 180cms tall. Some bulls have even been recorded at in excess of 600kgs in weight.
As mentioned, the breed is not only used for their milk and meat, but also for draught and farm work purposes. In Africa, they are mainly raised for dairy production, kept in herds of approximately 30 cattle. Kuri cows can produce up to 4litres of milk per day.
Although native to warm climates, Kuri cattle are actually highly intolerant to sunlight and extreme heats. If subjected to long periods of sunshine, Kuri cattle need to bathe. This is where their swimming abilities come in handy as they will spend the majority of their time in Lake Chand in search of food. They also cannot stand long periods of drought-like weather.
A docile and friendly breed, Kuri cattle may be small in stature, but what they lack in size, they more than makeup for in milk production and horn size, a truly unique breed.
Main picture -Jacques Jangoux´s JungleView blog