The Water Buffalo, also known as Asian Buffalo, is the largest member of the Bovini tribe, which comprises of bison, African buffalo, yak and several species of wild cattle among others.
Here are a number of interesting facts which have been sourced from the National Geographic:
- The average life span of a Water Buffalo in captivity is up to 25 years.
- They can weigh 1,500 to 2,560lbs, which converts to 700- 1,200 kg.
- Their size can be relative to a 6 ft man.
- The gestation length of the Water Buffalo varies from 9 to 11 months, with females producing calves annually.
- The ‘living tractor of the East’ is a common name for the domesticated water buffalo, as it serves it purpose for ploughing fields and the transportation of crops and people in several areas of the Asian region.
- They have been classified as an endangered species and live in a number of wildlife reserves and protected areas across countries such as Thailand, India, Nepal and Bhutan.
- Males’ horns can stretch for anything close to 5 feet, with deep ridges on their surface, however the females have smaller horns.
- Their most suitable living conditions involved spending the majority of their time submerged in muddy water of tropical and subtropical forests.
- They possess wide- splayed hoofed feet which prevent them from sinking too deeply in the mud, allowing them to move around in swamps and wetlands.
- The Water Buffalo prefer to feed on grasslands comprising of grass and herds, as opposed to marshes, that contain a variety of aquatic plants.
- For more than 5,000 they have been domesticated, with meat, milk, horns, hides, butterfat and power, ploughing and transportation of people and crops, proving that Water Buffalo are hugely significant.