The Turopolje pig gained its name from its place of origin, Turopolje, in Croatia.
The Turopolje breed is one of the oldest surviving Croatian breeds and one of Europe’s oldest also. It is reported that the breed came into existence through the crossing of the Siska and Krskopoljski breeds from Slovenia.
The breed was first reported in its now place of origin, the Turopolje region between the Sava and Kupa rivers east of Zagreb. The breed is now reportedly rumoured to be in danger of extinction, due in part to the transition from extensive to intensive pig farming in the mid-20th century.
A breed which is known for its distinct appearance, the Turopolje have grey/white skin with black spots.
The Turopolje have drooping ears, which are partially protruding, while they have off-white curly hair and black patches on the side of their body. They have a long body, with a flat, straight back. A hardy breed, the Turopolje are smaller than most breeds and do not have a particularly fast daily weight gain.
Sows are not the most fertile of all breeds, usually having an average weaning rate of 69% and an average of five piglets each year. They do, however, make excellent mothers and nurse their young for up to 5 weeks. Sows also have well developed udders and up to 12 teats. They also have a great resistance to disease and are more than capable of adapting to most climates. The Turopolje breed is more than equipped to withstand dramatic weather changes.
Their diet is unique in that the woodland is the main source of their food. This is what contributed to the long-standing success of the breed. They generally ate acorns, worms and grubs in the woodlands, before being fed maize before slaughter. Sows would be slaughtered at 2-4 years old, with males castrated and slaughtered at just over 12-months. Sows usually weigh up to 170 kgs at full maturity, with boars reaching 220kgs.
One of the world’s rarest breeds, the hardy, slow-growing, Turopolje pig.
Picture Credit - WikiWand