Now hailing from Zimbabwe, the Mukota pig is thought to have been first introduced to Zimbabwe back in the 1600’s by European and Chinese traders.
Now the breed can be found all over Zimbabwe and even in parts of nearby Mozambique and Zambia. It is estimated that there is now a population in excess of 70,000 Mukota pigs in Zimbabwe alone! The breed received their name after a study was done on indigenous Zimbabwean pig breeds in 1973 found in an area called Mukota in North Eastern Zimbabwe.
The breed is divided into two classes, one which is short, fat and with a short snout, while the other variations have long noses and a razor back.
A small sized breed, The Mukota pig breed is always black in colour, though some slight variations can be found.
A hardy breed, Mukota pigs are highly disease resistant and can cope with extreme heats, making them suited to their native tropical climate in Zimbabwe. They are also extremely capable of surviving on inadequate nutrition and little water. Some Mukota pigs can thrive on just 6-litres of water per week, while they can live on foods with low energy and protein contents, with high fiber. This high fibre diet is only possible due to an enlarged caecum in the Mukota breed.
The Mukota pig can also easily cope with unhygienic conditions, partially because of their resistance to most diseases. During the breeding period, mating is usually uncontrolled as the pigs are reared in a free-ranging system (From June to October). They are usually housed indoors or in fold yards during the rainy season from November to May, which is also when peak farrowing takes place.
The Mukota pig reaches sexual maturity at six months old, with the first litter usually born between 6-12months. The average litter size ranges from 6.5 to 7.5 piglets. Although raised for their meat, the Mukota doe not produce a high quantity of meat with a carcass yield of 30% or less than Large White breeds. However, the meat is highly sought-after in its locality due to organoleptic properties within the meat and because of its “sweet” flavour.
A small but powerful breed, first brought by traders in the 1600’s, though the Mukota wouldn’t trade its adopted homeland for anything.
Picture - minipotbellypigs