Duroc pigs are reddish-brown, large-framed and muscular, with drooping ears. Their coat can range from a light golden to a very dark red colour.
They are the second-most recorded breed of swine in the United States, according to the National Swine Registry. The Duroc is a major breed in many other countries also and is utilized most frequently as a terminal sire in a terminal cross-breeding program. They produce pigs that excel in durability and growth and are competitive with other terminal sire breeds in carcass leanness and feed efficiency.
A commercial parent stock female that is 25% Duroc can be utilized to improve prolificacy and longevity in sow herds.
Born in the USA
It is believed the modern Duroc originated around 1850 from crosses of the Jersey Red and New York's ‘Red hog’.
In 1823, a red boar from a litter of ten was named after a famous trotting stallion, Duroc. His progeny continued the Duroc name and many of them inherited his colour, quick growth, broad ham and shoulder, and quiet disposition. At the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, the Duroc gained wide popularity at the breed’s first successful hog show.
Originally, the Duroc was a very large pig. However, today, it is regarded as a medium-sized breed with a moderately long body and a slightly-dished face. The weight of a mature boar is approximately 400 kg, while the sow is about 350 kg.
- Drooping ears;
- Colour ranges from a light-golden shade to a deep mahogany-red;
- Long, clean neck;
- Wide-based from front to rear;
- Square, expressively muscled top;
- Seven prominent teats on each side that are well-spaced;
- Long side, with good rib shape;
- Durably-constructed frame.
More information on the Duroc pig can be found on the National Swine Registry website.Photo Credit: WinTex Farms