The Altai Mountain goat breed is a relatively new breed, having been developed between 1944 and 1982.
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The breed originates in the Gorno-Altai Region of the former Soviet Union and is now one of the area’s most common breeds. The total population of the breed stood at 9,900 in 1983 and the breed is kept on pastures all year round. A multi-purpose breed, the Altai Mountain breed are used primarily for wool production.
A medium sized goat breed, the Altai Mountain goat are uniform in colour, size, wool production and body conformation.
Generally, the breed is found black/brown in colour, though some grey variations also exist. A horned breed, their horns usually spiral up and backwards in direction. The breed is best known for their coats and wool production. They can produce up to 10kgs more wool in weight or 3 to 4 times more wool. Their wool is valuable for the light industry and the average wool content of an Alta Mountain goat fleece is between 65-70%. Average wool production is up to 900gms for bucks and up to 600gms for does.
At full maturity, bucks tend to weigh up to 70kgs, with does topping at approximately 44kgs. Although primarily raised for their wool, they are also used for meat purposes also. This is due to the good quality of the meat and the ability of the breed to quickly gain weight during summer months.
Also known as the Gornoaltaiiskaya, the Altai Mountain is not the largest of goat breeds, though that is not to say it doesn’t have its uses. The Altai Mountain breed may only be in existence for just over 60 years, but it is safe to say it will easily thrive for another 60 more.
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