The Sahelian Goat breed is one native to West Africa and one belonging to the Savanna goat group.
The breed is known by many different names, such as the Gorane, Fulani, Nioro, Sahel, Sahélienne, The Cheévre bariolée, the Niafounké and the West African Longlegged goat. They are mainly found in north and northwest Mali. The breed is also found in many other warm countries throughout the world, such as Australia.
The breed is best suited to loving in arid, dry, desert conditions and would not survive for long in a forest area. They are known for their ability to travel long distances in search of food and can feed on an abundance of different vegetations.
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Characteristics and Uses -
Although a small-sized goat breed, Sahelian goats are a dual-purpose breed.
They are raised mainly for meat and skin production purposes in their native Mali, while they are also on occasion raised for their milk, but not often. At full maturity, a Buck will weigh up to 56.7kgs at a height of between 70-85cms. Does, meanwhile, reach 65-75cms tall and an average weight of up to 34kgs.
The breed is best known for their thin, narrow frame. They can be found in a variety of colours, from cream, to red, black, pure white, grey, pied, brown, or a mixture of colours. Their hair is short and stuff, while their ears are semi-pendulous. A horned breed, Sahelian goats also have long, narrow legs.
What is unusual about the Sahelian breed, is that udders are split in half in females, while so are the scrotums of bucks. Approximately 70% of Sahelian goats are found with wattles. A very strong animal, due to where they reside, Sahelian goats can survive even the hottest of conditions. Does make for excellent mothers and tend to have their first batch at 18-months old. They can produce up to two kids per time, but usually only have one kid. Their lactation period lasts 5-6months.
A breed capable of surviving the warmest of climates and capable of travelling extremely long distances. The Sahelian goat is the nomad of all goat breeds and the champion breed of Mali.