A breed now in danger of extinction, the Girgentana resides on the island of Sicily. It gets its name from the word Girgenti, which is the name for the native language.
Once upon a time, there was over 30,000 head of the breed remaining in the area, though numbers have now diminished significantly. In fact, in 1993 only 524 of the breed remained in existence and they were listed as endangered in 2007. By 2009, populations were still decreasing, down to 390!
It is not known where the breed truly originates, though there have been suggestions it may be descended from the Afghani Kashmir goat. It is thought, that they are also descended from the Capra falconeri Central Asian species of goat/antelope, a theory accepted by many zoologists. Other theories suggest it was first brought to the area by the Greeks, approximately 700BC.
Generally white in colour, with grey/brown hair on its head and throat area. The Girgentana are known for their long beard. They also have very distinctive horns, which twist into a spiral shape. They have great quality milk and would have been primarily used for milk production.
Less than 400 remaining in their native land, which just makes them all the more unique.