Miniature Hereford cattle are descendants of purebred Hereford cattle from Herefordshire, England. They are simply not as tall as the standard Hereford.
In the late 1960s, Point of Rocks Ranch in Fort Davis, Texas, selectively bred Hereford bloodlines to create the miniature cattle breed of today.
The Texan ranch still maintains 11 separate bloodlines, ensuring a sufficient genetic base for breeding of the Miniature Hereford.
The Miniature Hereford is a hardy breed, with good feed conversion efficiency and excellent meat quality. Like the standard Hereford, they are primarily used as a beef animal. The Miniature Herford is a popular breed for young farmers interested in livestock, given their docile nature and small size making them easier to handle.
How big are Miniature Herefords?
Miniature Herefords are about 30-50% the size of the standard Hereford.
To be considered “miniature”, an adult Miniature Hereford cow must be no more than 114 cm at the hip, while a bull cannot be taller than 119 cm at the hip.
What the Miniature Hereford lacks in height, it makes up in width. The ‘mini’ breed can weigh up to 450kg.
Advantages of breeding ‘mini’
The saying ‘good things come in small packages’ holds true when discussing the Miniature Hereford. The mini beef breed has reportedly a greater feed conversion efficiency than conventional-sized cattle and mature up to 20% earlier.
Miniature Herefords are small, easy to handle and very docile in nature. Their smaller cuts of beef are very marketable, perfectly suited to the restaurant trade. Recognised under the Hereford breed, they can be registered with major international Hereford breed societies.