Today say EU Commissioner for Agriculture, Phil Hogan, publish a White Paper, which outlined the plans ahead of the CAP reform in 2020.
The Paper outlined plans to give member states a larger role, with more responsibilities on how to choose and where to invest their funding. It will allow them to decide on how they meet goals related to sustainability, climate change and the environment.
Simpler rulers and a more flexible approach has been named as key to ensuring the CAP delivers required results, while also supporting farmers. This is the basis of the White Paper, “The Future of Food and Farming”, released today.
The paper outlines many ways to ensure that the CAP, the EU’s oldest common policy, remains future-proof. Phil Hogan said the CAP will deliver on emerging objectives and said a new system of implementation will be introduced. This he says will give regions a better degree of subsidiarity.
"Today's Communication ensures that the Common Agricultural Policy will deliver on new and emerging objectives such as fostering a smart and resilient agricultural sector, bolstering environmental care and climate action and strengthening the social-economic fabric of rural areas.” he said.
“It also marks a significant step change in the implementation of the CAP. Instead of the current system, a new implementation system will be introduced, giving MS/regions a much greater degree of subsidiarity." he added.
"The Common Agricultural Policy has been on our plate since 1962. While we have to make sure it keeps delivering for example healthy and tasty food for consumers and jobs and growth to rural areas, the CAP also has to evolve along with other policies.” said Jyrki Katainen, Vice-President in charge of Jobs, Growth, Investment and Competitiveness.
She said the new proposal goes a long way in attempting to modernise CAP and says it will encourage members to develop strategic plans.
“Our proposal is an important step to modernise and simplify the CAP, following the results of the broad consultation with stakeholders. The new delivery model introduced by the Commission will provide greater subsidiarity to Member States and calls them to establish CAP Strategic Plans, which will cover their actions under pillar I and pillar II, enabling simplification, better coherence and monitoring of results." she added.
The proposal aims to keep the current pillar two structure, though there will be a more flexible approach to the actions used to reach objectives. Each country will have to develop their own plan, approved by the commission, setting ot how they intend to meet targets.
The attention will be focused on the monitoring of progress made, rather than compliance. Farmers will continue to be supported through direct payments, while the report also explored the possibility of ensuring a better-targeted support of a farmer’s income.
The paper also listed climate change and pressure on natural resources as things which will continue to impact food production. While it also stated its desire to increase use of modern technologies to help support farmers, the need to encourage more youth into the industry, and also sustainable production. It also outlined plans to tackle the problems associated with food waste, animal welfare and nutrition.
The legislative proposals outlined in the documents are to be tabled by the Commission before next Summer.