The Armorican cattle breed is a dual-purpose breed, hailing from France. They are called either the Armorican or the Armoricaine.
Originally from the Brittany region and reportedly formed in the 19th century, the breed is said to have originated from the crossing of the extinct Pie Rouge de Carhaix breed and the Froment du Léon with British Shorthorn stock. The result, the Armoricaine.
The breed first gained a herdbook in 1919 and its name, Armoricaine, was first coined in 1923. The breed was also fundamental in the founding of the Pie Rouge des Plaines dairy cattle breed, as it was crossed with Rotbunt and Meuse-Rhine-Issel stock. Populations of the Armorican cattle breed were almost wiped out in recent years, with numbers down to 240 in 2005 and as low as 263 in 2014. The breed is now listed by the FAO as critically endangered.
Uses and Characteristics -
As mentioned, the Armoricaine breed is a dual-purpose one, used in both meat and dairy production.
Well adapted to their native climate, the Armoricaine cows are very good milkers and average approximately 4,500kg of milk per lactation. Their lactation period usually lasts around 305 days in total.
They are used in the beef industry, due to the fast growth rate of calves and early fattening of cattle. They are primarily used in the fattening industry, as mature animals fatten at a much quicker rate than other breeds. At full maturity, cows weigh up to 650kgs, with bulls coming in much heavier.
A medium-sized breed, the Armorican are usually red in colour, with white markings. They are a horned breed, though their horns don’t grow very long.
One of the world’s rarest breeds, with less than 300 in existence. A real breed of beauty, Could it be worth trying out some Armorican Cattle?