The Arapawa is a feral breed of domestic pig, native to the Arapaoa Island in New Zealand.
It has been suggested that the breed are descendants of breeds first introduced by a man called James Cook in the 1770’s. It is also thought that they may derive from Black stock and Oxford sandy breeds brought to the area by whalers. Regardless of their origin, the breed has lived on the island since 1839. The breed even featured on a New Zealand Post stamp in 2007, to celebrate the Chinese year of the pig.
The breed is currently on the RBCS list of rare and minority breeds, while it has a priority conservation rating.
A small-sized breed, in reverting to their wild roots, the breed has evolved to develop a hairy mane.
They have been compared to Auckland Island pigs, though are slightly larger. They also have short tails and noses, while they are much smaller than commercial breeds. They also have a slow growth rate, meaning they are not preferable for use in the pig meat industry.
Colour-wise, they come in a variety of colours, from tan to sandy brown, with the odd black patch. They have long snouts and faces, while their ears are quite small and erect. They are wattle-less and have wide shoulders, with thick, hard skin.
At maturity, boars can weigh up to 180kgs, while sows weigh up to 100kgs. They are a very docile and active breed and are best suited to their current climate.
A small breed, though what it lacks in size, it makes up in appearance, the Arapawa.