The Braford is a relatively new breed of cattle, originally developed in Australia in 1946 after the successful crossbreeding of Hereford and Brahman cattle.
They were bred originally in Queensland, by the Rea brothers, who became known as the original Braford breeders. This trend quickly made its way to the US, with reports of Braford cattle being bred in the US the following year.
To be considered an actual Brahman, the mix must be five-eighths Hereford and three-eighths Brahman. They can be produced through the usual crossbreeding methods, though these are called F1 Brafords. Their name was gotten from the amalgamation of Brahman and Hereford, making Braford.
The breed is now used for beef production, Braford cattle retain the colouring of the Hereford breed. They are usually red, with white underbellies, feet and heads. They have short coats and have a stocky build.
Males generally have a hump on the top of their shoulders, with loose skin obtained from their Brahman heritage. Bulls at full maturity can weigh anything up to one tonne, while cows usually reach approximately 750kgs.
They are a very hardy breed and were bred with the Australian climate in mind. This is why the Brahman breed was used and why Braford cattle can withstand high temperatures. This is due to their loose, oily skin and extra sweat glands, which help them cope with warmer weather. They are also a tick resistant breed and can even cope with colder climates also.
Some of the breed can be found horned, though there are polled strains available. The breed is known to not have the best of temperaments; therefore, it is recommended to always exercise caution around bulls and new mothers.
They are an easy calving breed, as Braford dams reach sexual maturity at a young age. They are also a very fertile breed and remain fertile for many years.
A breed created in the minds of two brothers, the Braford breed has only been in existence for just over 70-years, though we can safely say, it has made a lasting impact.