The American Cream Draft is an extremely rare breed developed in the US. In fact, it remains the only US-developed breed in existence to this day.
The breed was first developed in Iowa in the US at the beginning of the 20th century. It all started with a cream-coloured mare named ‘Old Granny’. This mare was used as the foundation of the breed and was originally foaled between 1900-1905, though the breed's existence was threatened with the Great Depression. Finally, in 1944 the breed registry was officially formed and two years later approx. 98% of registered American Cream draft horses could be traced back to ‘Old Granny’. The registry was deactivated many years later until 1982 when it was reactivated, with population numbers increasing ever since.
The American Cream Association was also formed in 1944, while the breed was officially recognized by the Department of Agriculture in 1950. Numbers of the American Cream Draft remain at critical levels, however, according to the Equus Survival Trust and The Livestock Conservancy. There are between 100-300 active breeders remaining in 2018.
Famed for it’s beautiful cream/golden champagne colour, the American Cream Draft also has pink skin and amber colour eyes.
This cream/champagne colour is caused due to a champagne dilution gene found in the American Cream Draft. The main sought-after characteristics of American Cream horses is this medium cream colour, pink skin, amber eyes and a white mane and tail. Other accepted colours include medium-dark cream, while both amber and hazel eyes are accepted. Stallions must have pink skin and a white mane in order to be registered, while cream mares with dark skin are also accepted.
A docile breed in nature, the American Cream is a triple-purpose breed, been used for riding, in shows and for agricultural/draught work. Due to their docile nature, the American Cream is easily trained and eager to please their owners.
Generally, Mares stand at 15-16hands tall, weighing on average 680-730kgs. Stallions and geldings on the other hand, stand from 16-16.3hands tall and weigh up to 820kgs or more. An active breed, the American Cream have a short, strong back, with sloping shoulders and a wide chest. They are a well-muscled breed, with good footing and strong hooves.
One of the world’s rarest and definitely one of the most beautiful breeds, the American Cream Draft.
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