Future Farming: Spiders venom, The future of insecticides?


This week on Future farming, we look into the uses of Spider venom, and how spider venom may be the next best insecticide on the market. 

Future Farming: Spiders venom, The future of insecticides?

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  • 2 mths ago

This week on Future farming, we look into the uses of Spider venom, and how spider venom may be the next best insecticide on the market. 

Venom, which we have found out recently, has a number of uses of benefit to humans. As you probably already know spiders are already used for their silk, but now they are set to be used as an insecticide.

Why Spiders:

Spiders contain a venom, which is full of various different types of protein some of which have been turned into medicines. Now these proteins have been used to develop an insecticide. What's so great about this insecticide? They have been proven to have no harmful effects on the environment and indeed the dwindling bee populations also. This product could become increasingly popular, with today's extra emphasis on environmental conservation.

Challenges:

There are various challenges, the main one being how hard it is to milk a spider and also the small quantity of venom received upon milking. Milking one spider can result in a 1000th or 100th of a millilitre of venom. This means milking is currently a painfully long arduous task, though this problem has now been eliminated. Another challenge is how such a small quantity of product could be spread over vast areas of land.

Developments:

The problem of milking spiders, the only real downfall, has been vanquished with a new method developed by scientists. Scientists have now discovered that the gene for venom proteins in spiders can now be taken out and transferred inside yeast! This yeast then be used as a sort of protein factory to help the venom to grow with little to no effort, and without having to milk a spider! The techniques was developed by US company, Vestaron, who developed the first insecticide from the Australian Blue Mountain spider. It was the first of it's type to receive approval from the Environmental Protection Agency, back in 2014. They currently have developed a range of different insecticides, made from different types of spider venom.

These developments have helped eradicate the only and only challenge facing this new industry.

Other uses for spider venom:

The uses of spider venom is now endless, with reports that it can now help side effects of epilepsy and even strokes as well. Therefore we might just see an upward trend occurring, and the uses of spider venom becoming a lot more frequent.

The use of spider venom to relieve pain is an idea that's been around the block. Many of the world's 45,000 venomous species of spiders kill their prey by injecting them with venom that contains up to thousands of protein molecules, known as peptides. Some of these peptides block nerve activity, This has led to scientists testing and developing new medicines from the medicine which has now been proven to help chronic pain for conditions such as arthritis.

Snakes venom has also been proven lately to have healing properties. Scientists have found that venom in snakes can be used also to help relieve pain, and it has been reported that these new medicines are as good at blocking pain as morphine. Tests have been carried out by teams of scientists who have been testing venom from King Cobras and the Black Mamba. They now believe they could eradicate all pain associated with arthritis and other conditions.

Could be be seeing a lot more artificial yeast spider farms in the future? Or even snake farms? All we can do now is wait and see.



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